In a world where men tend to hedge their bets on man before anything else, it is not surprising that many experience letdowns. Because of Original Sin human beings are naturally imperfect, and thus it is natural that humanists are suspicious, even contemptuous, of any kind of idealism. This attitude degenerates into the habit of cynicism—of questioning man’s sincerity of motive and rectitude of conduct. When cynical men lose faith in man, it is difficult to retain faith in anything higher than mankind, which leaves a pretty poor playing field. Reversal, however, is possible; and one way to escape from cynicism is through literature unsullied by cynicism. From Robin Hood to Rhett Butler, there is an army of gentleman heroes waiting to enlist more men in their ranks through commonality of spirit; and their romantic adventures present icons of the fictional gentleman, which serve as a practical ideal for all factual gentlemen.

Cynicism is a sickness of seriousness, but there are some remedies that never fail to restore hopefulness through lightheartedness. Tales of high romance are one of these remedies. Such books remind men of the glory and grandeur of man and the glories and grandeurs that give meaning to mankind. Even the gravest of cynics must smile, chuckle, and inch to the edge of his seat in appreciation of men bristling with weapons, women swooning in their lover’s arms, guns firing and combatants laughing, swords flashing and soldiers of fortune striving against the backdrop of extravagant locales. The old romances make the world young again.

Romantic novels are safe from cynicism because they are infused with the optimism of escapism, the thrill of passion, and the charm of the dashing, debonair, gentleman hero. Such books are irresistible, making them a balm for this dour day and age; for, in them, the struggle between good and evil is a great and good game where nothing is so serious as keeping the serious at bay with impossible romps, plot twists, swashbuckling heroism, blazing revolvers, ancient castles, woefully grim councils, wonderfully glib speeches, daring souls pulling at brandy flasks, midnight marauding, and sinister villains. These are the stories to heal the hardest of hearts and relax them into the high-spiritedness that makes the blood run and the world turn.

Integral to this literary mode of high adventure is the idea of a protagonist rising to the occasion from humble origin. This model represents a classic romantic archetype—namely the ordinary gentleman who is ready, willing, and able to face extraordinary circumstances and play the part of the hero decisively when the times demands it of him. The power of literature both reflects and affects the paradigms and perceptions of a people. The romantic hero is not cynical; rather, he is true to a philosophy that recognizes a proper gentleman as one who holds honor and duty above all else because he is principled and not because he is paid.

Arthur Conan Doyle’s “Sherlock Holmes,” Anthony Hope’s “Rudolph Rassendyll,” and John Buchan’s “Richard Hannay” are excellent examples of the true gentleman hero in this respect. Holmes, Rassendyll, and Hannay are amateur heroes, not professional heroes: men of the noble class who can afford a higher level of virtue than others and so are that much more virtuous. The motivation of upholding justice and decency was motivation enough for these paragons, and they took their payment in adventure. These men of imagination exemplify an accessible category of hero, and in so doing, represent and reinforce their audience’s cultural convictions concerning what makes a man a gentleman.

Stories like “The Prisoner of Zenda” and “The Thirty-Nine Steps” are antidotes among many for worldly cynicism because they transport readers to another world where cynicism has no sway. Classic adventure tales confront the old world with a newer world, balancing trendy pessimisms with traditional truths as the modern reader surrenders himself to exploits. Within such pages, men learn something of who they are and, at the same time, learn that they shouldn’t take themselves too seriously. In relinquishing the over-serious things of life from time to time, men open themselves up to the mysteries that make life worth living all the time. And those mysteries are not so much taken seriously as they are rejoiced in.

Though all men approve of action, many bear no desire to become the proverbial man of action. Neither will this latter group become one until they are assailed by action, whether actually or vicariously, which experience changes their perspective of the world. Men often require a fresh worldview, which is precisely what the romance delivers. Without such rejuvenation, such recreation, what hope can be held for the human condition when human behavior is held as the Alpha and the Omega, and as driven by nothing more than self-interest and self-indulgence? When imperfection is all there is, what more than gloom, mistrust, disparagement, or even despair can be expected? This is the plague of pessimism, the emasculation of men, the ruin of women, the death of Christian culture, and the prison of cynicism.

Escape from cynicism. Read a romance.

  • Yeoman

    I’m reading, presently, Musashi, the Japanese novel sometimes compared to Gone With The Wind. I very rarely read novels, much preferring histories, but as I’d recently watched the Samurai Trilogy which is based upon this novel, I decided to give it a go. I’m enjoying it.

    Funny thing is, some critics claim a modern western audience will find some of it odd, but I haven’t so far. I find now that I’m in my 50s I read everything through a Catholic lens (maybe I actually always did but was less aware of it) but even with that, and dealing with a novel set in Medieval Japan, I’m not only liking it, but finding the occasional references to Faith and the like to be interesting, and I haven’t found the treatment of female characters to be alien as some would lead a person to suppose that they are. Of course, I’ve really only just started it.

  • Justin

    I agree that the art of literature needs to be rediscovered by many men. I sometimes regret the fact that i never read many of the classics assigned to us in school, and it was only this past summer that i started a habit of always having a book or two that I’m reading. Just this past weekend i had the pleasure of visiting Edinburgh, Scotland, home of a rich literary tradition including Sherlock Holmes, Robin Hood, Frankenstein, and even the more recent Harry Potter. It was truly inspiring, and I really hope that modern authors can lead a new cultural revolution of restoring healthy and heroic values to our society

  • Michael

    “Because of Original Sin human beings are naturally imperfect…”

    This is false. Original Sin is not the reason human beings are naturally imperfect, because the first human being was not born with original sin, yet he was naturally imperfect as evidenced by the fact that he sinned anyway, thus bringing sin into the world. Try again.

    • Sean Fitzpatrick


      I agree with you, and I thank you for your observation. I must apply (with all due respect) to the editorial team who added “Because of Original Sin…” to my original sentence that ran, “Human beings are naturally imperfect…” Though man was created with a perfected nature, that perfect nature did not prevent imperfect choices in the garden, which is mysterious. The idea of perfection in this case implies a sort of dynamic progress of perfection that intimates increasing participation in the infinite perfection of God. I can see the point the editors wish to make—that original sin is the cause of a fractured vision of things, which is true—but as you say, and as the Fathers say too, man never reached, or grew into, the perfection intended for him by God on this side of His grace. Even though man’s original nature was un-fallen, he never attained the perfection to keep him from falling into original sin.

  • Jonathan

    I’ll have to give reading vs. watching fiction a try. I’m definitely a cynic, and more recently the best remedy for me has been reflecting on Jesus Christ. If I’m thinking about all the lousy men in this world, and all the no good they are up to, and I turn towards Christ and reflect on myself in comparison to him (literally nothing in comparison), it helps me be a bit less cynical of mankind.

  • Dennis Neylon

    I think part of the attraction of these sorts of men is that they are also men of character. They mean what they say and say what they mean (when they speak). Often, their actions say more than their words. Too many male roles in books and movies today are filled by anti-heroes, flawed men who follow a moral code of their own making who talk too much. There are few parts in modern movies featuring men of strong character and morals, especially in films set in the present. We desperately need male characters in books and film who are men of good character, who could be described with the words of the old Boy Scout oath — “Trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, brave, clean and reverent.”

    • Dennis Neylon

      I’m sorry, I left obedient, cheerful and thrifty out of the oath. It has been a long time since I was a Boy Scout.